@incollection { raimundo07, abstract = {Can we create a virtual storyteller that is expressive enough to convey in a natural way a story to an audience? What are the most important features for creating such character? This paper presents a study where the influence of different modalities in the perception of a story told by both a synthetic storyteller and a real one are analyzed. In order to evaluate it, three modes of communication were taken into account: voice, facial expression and gestures. One hundred and eight students from computer science watched a video where a storyteller narrated the traditional Portuguese story entitled ''O Coelhinho Branco'' (The little white rabbit). The students were divided into four groups. Each of these groups saw one video where the storyteller was portrayed either by a synthetic character or a human. The storyteller's voice, no matter the nature of the character, could also be real or synthetic. After the video display, the participants filled a questionnaire where they rated the storyteller's performance. Although the synthetic versions used in the experiment obtained lower classifications than their natural counterparts, the data suggests that the gap between synthetic and real gestures is the smallest while the synthetic voice is the furthest from its natural version. Furthermore, when we used the synthetic voice, the facial expressions of both characters (the virtual and the real) were rated worse than with the real voice. This effect was not significant for the gestures, thus suggesting that the importance of building synthetic voices as natural as possible is extremely important as it impacts in the perception of other means of communication (such as the perception of the facial expression).}, booktitle = {Verbal and Nonverbal Communication Behaviours}, pages = {310-323}, publisher = {Springer Berlin / Heidelberg}, series = {Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence}, title = {Telling Stories with a Synthetic Character: Understanding Inter-modalities Relations}, volume = {4775/2007}, year = {2007}, author = {Guilherme Raimundo and João Cabral and Celso Melo and Luís Oliveira and Ana Paiva and Isabel Trancoso} }