An adapted version of the Almere model was used in the EMOTE evaluations. Almere measures technology acceptance: it can be used to predict and explain usage of a system by observing the influences on the Intention to Use this system. (Heerink, 2010). Since children in school are not always allowed to determine their use of technology during school days, we only focus on the actual acceptance which might lead to a willingness to use but without necessarily being able to make decisions about future use. The orginal Almere was originally developed for elderly we made some slight adaptations to fit children’s language skills as well as the context in which they are using the robot (e.g. teachers instead of staff). We also referred to the robot as Nao or Emys, since the intention is for children to form a social bond with it. These questions are supposed to be given in random order and responses are provided using a five point scale (totally agree –agree – neutral – do not agree – totally do not agree) to the following questions:


1.     If I should use Nao/Emys, I would be afraid to make mistakes with it

2.     If I should use Nao/Emys, I would be afraid to break something

3.     I find Nao/Emys scary

4.     I find Nao/Emys intimidating


5.     I think it’s a good idea to use Nao/Emys

6.     Nao/Emys would make my schoolwork more interesting

7.     It’s good to make use of Nao/Emys


8.     I have everything I need to make good use of Nao/Emys

9.     I know enough of Nao/Emys to make good use of it


13.  I think Nao/Emys can change itself to what I need

14.  I think Nao/Emys will only do what I need at that particular moment

15.  I think Nao/Emys will help me when I consider it to be necessary


16.  I enjoy Nao/Emys talking to me

17.  I enjoy doing things with Nao/Emys

18.  I find Nao/Emys enjoyable

19.  I find Nao/Emys fascinating


20.  I find Nao/Emys easy to use

21.  I think I can use Nao/Emys without any help

22.  I think I can use Nao/Emys when there is someone around to help

23.  I think I can use Nao/Emys when I have good instructions


24.  I consider Nao/Emys a nice partner to talk to

25.  I find Nao/Emys nice to interact with

26.  I feel Nao/Emys understands me

27.  I think Nao/Emys is nice


28.  I think Nao/Emys is useful to me

29.  It would be convenient for me to work with Nao/Emys in school

30.  I think Nao/Emys can help me with many things in school


31.  I think the teachers would like me working with Nao/Emys

32.  I think many people would like me working with Nao/Emys


33.  When interacting with Nao/Emys I felt like I’m talking to a real person

34.  It sometimes felt as if Nao/Emys was really looking at me

35.  I can imagine Nao/Emys to be a living creature

36.  I often think Nao/Emys is not a real person

37.  Sometimes Nao/Emys seems to have real feelings


38.  I would trust Nao/Emys if he gave me advice.

39.  I would follow the advice Nao/Emys gives me.




Heerink, M. (2010). Assessing acceptance of assistive social robots by aging adults. (Doctor), Assessing acceptance of assistive social robots by aging adults, Amsterdam.

Heerink, M., Kröse, B., Evers, V., & Wielinga, B. (2010). Assessing Acceptance of Assistive Social Agent Technology by Older Adults: the Almere Model. International Journal of Social Robotics, 2(4), 361-375. doi: 10.1007/s12369-010-0068-5