Sustainable development facts questionnaire (SDFQ)
Based on the factual information available in the game the Sustainable development facts questionnaire (SDFQ) was created as a pre- post-test of the children knowledge of sustainability before and after using the application. The SDFQ (see below) was pilot tested with 48 children between grades 4 and 5.
- Which factors need to cooperate to create a sustainable city? Place a cross in front of the correct answer (only one answer is correct)
________ Economical and social factors
________ Economical, social, and environmental factors
________ Environmental and social factors
________ Economical, environmental and technological factors
- How is a city’s sustainability affected by energy generation? Circle Right or Wrong for each of the propositions below:
Right/Wrong – Power plants have environmental costs because they affect the environment
Right/Wrong – Different energy sources all have the same influence on a city’s economy
Right/Wrong – Power plants cost too much and are therefore not part of a sustainable city
- A small coal power plant: Place a cross in front of the correct answer (only one answer is correct)
________ Uses water power to create a stabile energy stream
________ Uses the sun and creates a lot of energy
________ Produces electricity by burning coal. It is small, cheap, and influences the environment negatively
________ Does not affect the air quality but has to store uranium
- Circle Right or Wrong for each of the propositions below:
Right/Wrong – Policies only have a positive effect on the environment
Right/Wrong – Policies do not cost anything
Right/Wrong – It is smart to introduce policies when one is planning a city
Right/Wrong – Policies can affect a city’s economy negatively
- Indicate which policies can help to decrease the use of non-renewable resources (such as oil). Circle Right or Wrong for each of the propositions below:
Right/Wrong – CO2 taxes
Right/Wrong – Electric car grid
Right/Wrong – Energy education programs
Right/Wrong – Ecotourism program
Right/Wrong – Fund for sustainable technology
- Order the following power plants according to their influence on the environment. Use 1, 2, 3 and 4 (each number once). 1 is least influence, 4 most:
________ Small coal power plant
________ Water power plants
________ Nuclear power plant
- Which investments can help to decrease the use of non-renewable resources, such as oil? Place a cross in front of all correct answers (there can be more than one)
________ Recycling stations
________ Solar roofs
________ Better isolation
________ Metro station
________ Better uranium storage
- Improving the economy by building e.g. commercial constructions influences: Place a cross in front of the best answer (only one answer is correct)
________ The economy improves but it is bad for the environment, and for the use of renewable and non-renewable forms of energy.
________ The economy improves but the use of non-renewable energy increases.
________ The economy improves but it is bad for the environment.
________ The economy improves but it is bad for people’s wellbeing, the environment, and the use of non-renewable forms of energy.
- Public services, such as hospitals, police, and fire departments can improve people’s wellbeing if: Place a cross in front of all correct answers (there can be more than one)
________ They are built close to residential areas so that many people have access to them.
________ They are constructed near forests to balance the distribution of constructions in a city.
________ These services have costs in terms of energy and oil, so they should not be part of a sustainable city.
- By changing some behaviors, citizens can directly influence the city sustainability. Circle Right or Wrong for each of the behaviors below:
Right/Wrong – Buy organic/biologically grown food
Right/Wrong – Use public transport
Right/Wrong – Eat vegetarian food
The pre-test and post-test versions of the questionnaire contain the following questions from those listed above: